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Как можно легко исправить STOP-ошибку 0x00000074 на синем экране смерти в операционной системе Windows 7, 8 или 10

Как можно легко исправить STOP-ошибку 0x00000074 на синем экране смерти в операционной системе Windows 7, 8 или 10?

О неполадках в операционной среде Microsoft Windows свидетельствует «синий экран смерти» (BSoD). Подобное состояние системы может возникать как в процессе загрузки операционной среды, так и во время работы программной оболочки Windows.

Фото 1

Одна из множества ошибок, провоцирующая возникновение «синего экрана смерти», — STOP-ошибка 0x00000074: BAD_SYSTEM_CONFIG_INFO. В этой статье будет подробно описываться её причина возникновения, а также возможные способы решения.

How to Fix Boot Error 0xc0000098 on Windows 7/8 and 10

The 0xc0000098 error appears when there is a corrupted Boot Configuration Data file. Windows won’t allow you to boot, rendering your device useless. This error can be caused from hardware errors, such as a damaged hard drive or bad RAM, so after fixing this with the solution below, it’s good to see if these two components are all good.

This is an issue that hit a lot of users, from Windows Vista up until Windows 10, and it can be frustrating for someone who doesn’t really see what is actually happening. No users are excluded, and you won’t be able to use your device with Windows until you solve the problem

Fortunately, there is a solution that solves this issue and fixes the corrupted BCD file. After it, Windows will boot just fine and you’ll be able to continue using your system again. Keep in mind though, that you will need to use a Windows recovery drive, whether it’s an installation USB or a CD/DVD, you will need it, so get your hands on one before you start.

0xc0000098

How to BOOT into BIOS to change Boot Order

Before you proceed with the instructions given in this article, it is important that you read this para regarding changing bios and booting from usb or discs.

Restart your computer. Enter your computer’s BIOS (or UEFI) settings as soon as it starts up. The key that you need to press to enter these settings depends on the manufacturer of your computer’s motherboard and can be anything from Esc, Delete or F2 to F8, F10 or F12. This is displayed on the post screen, and the manual that was supplied with your system. A quick google search asking “how to enter bios” followed by model number will also list results. Navigate to the Boot. You must know how to boot and change boot order since this will be needed to perform the solutions below.

windows 7 startup repair - 1

Rebuild and repair the Master Boot Record, Boot Sector and Boot Configuration Data (Windows 7/8 and 10)

This step will require you to use the recovery drive mentioned earlier, so we will start there. If you do not have access to the recovery media, checkout this guide on bootable media using rufus (Windows 8 and 10) and for Windows 7/Vista see steps (here)

  1. Once inside the BIOS, navigate to the boot options and using the instructions within the BIOS, set the first boot device to the USB or DVD drive, depending on which one you have. This will tell the computer that it should first try to boot from there, which is what we need.
  2. Once the computer is booted from the recovery drive, in the Windows Setup dialog box, set everything to the appropriate values, select your language and click Next.
  3. In the lower left corner, click on Repair your computer, and choose Troubleshoot from the Choose an option screen.
  4. In the Troubleshoot screen, click Advanced Options, and click on Command Prompt. For Windows 7 and Vista, choose Command Prompt from the “Recovery Options” screen.
  5. When the Command Prompt opens, type the following commands, pressing Enter on your keyboard after each one of them:

Method 2: Use Startup Repair

Another method that requires a Windows recovery drive, this will use the built-in tools to repair the Boot Configuration Data file.

  1. Using steps 1 through 4 of the previous method, get to the Repair your computer
  2. Select your install, and from the list of available recovery options, choose Startup Repair.

startup repair windows 7

Wait for the tool to scan your installation. If Startup Repair finds an error, it will attempt to fix it if possible, which should prevent the 0xc0000098 error from appearing again. You can also view detailed Startup Repair steps with pictures.

Method 3: Run the System File Checker utility to scan your system

The System File Checker (sfc) tool is used to automatically scan the system files of your computer, and try to repair them if needed.

  1. Using the steps from the first method, get to the screen that says Repair your computer.
  2. Select the Windows installation drive, and click
  3. From the System Recovery Options box, choose Command Prompt.
  4. In the Command Prompt, type the following command, and press Enter on your keyboard to execute it:
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Replace C: with the letter of the drive where Windows is installed, and C:Windows with the folder where Windows is.

  1. Wait for the SFC utility to scan your system. It will repair the error if possible and you won’t have to worry about it.

Method 4: Run the CHKDSK utility

If the previous methods failed, you can try the CHKDSK utility, also a built-in tool that checks your disk and fixes file system errors.

  1. Using steps 1-3 from the previous method, open the Command Prompt from the Windows recovery drive.
  2. In the Command Prompt, type the following command, followed by an Enter for execution:

Replace C: with the letter of the drive where you have installed Windows.

  1. Wait for the utility to finish. If it finds any errors, it will try to fix them, along with the 0xc0000098 error that you have been facing.

Even though Windows 10 has been out for over a year now, Microsoft still hasn’t managed to iron out all imperfections, and some hardware problems are manifested in a much worse manner than they should be. This is one of them, and even though it is advisable to check your hardware after you’ve fixed your system, by following the steps in the aforementioned method you should be able to boot into Windows again.

Fixing “0xc0000098” on Windows

Windows Setup CD/DVD Required!
Some of the solutions below require the use of the Microsoft Windows setup CD or DVD. If your PC did not come with a Windows installation disc or if you no longer have your Windows setup media, you can use Easy Recovery Essentials for Windows instead. EasyRE will automatically find and fix many problems, and can also be used to solve this problem with the directions below.

Fix #1: Rebuild BCD via Easy Recovery Essentials

Easy Recovery Essentials’ one-click automated system repair feature incorporates full repair and reconstruction of the BCD to resolve the “0xc0000098” error, even in cases where Windows won’t boot as a result of the error.

Easy Recovery Essentials is guaranteed to fix the “0xc0000098” error automatically using its built-in Automated Repair option. EasyRE is currently available for Windows XP, Vista, 7 and 8 and can be downloaded and created on any PC.

    . Make sure to note your Windows version (XP, Vista, 7 or 8) before you download EasyRE. This guide can help you identify what version of Windows you have installed.
  1. Burn the image. Follow these instructions on how to burn the bootable ISO image very carefully, as making a bootable CD can be tricky! Alternatively, these instructions explain how to create a bootable EasyRE recovery USB stick/drive.
  2. Boot up your PC from the Easy Recovery Essentials CD or USB you created.
  3. Once EasyRE is running, choose the “Automated Repair” option and click Continue .

EasyRE Home

Choose “Automated Repair” in Easy Recovery Essentials

EasyRE displays a list of found Windows operating systems

Choose the drive associated with the Windows installation you’re trying to repair.

EasyRE: Automated Repair

Easy Recovery Essentials searches for errors and makes corrections to the selected Windows installation.

EasyRE: Automated Repair

Windows, booting up successfully.

You can download Easy Recovery Essentials from here.

Fix #2: Run Startup Repair

On Windows Vista, Windows 7, Windows 8 and Windows 8.1, Startup Repair can be used to scan the system for damaged or missing system files to replace the BCD file if it has no entries.

Windows Setup CD/DVD Required!
Some of the solutions below require the use of the Microsoft Windows setup CD or DVD. If your PC did not come with a Windows installation disc or if you no longer have your Windows setup media, you can use Easy Recovery Essentials for Windows instead. EasyRE will automatically find and fix many problems, and can also be used to solve this problem with the directions below.

Startup Repair is an automated diagnosis and repair tool that is available from the Windows setup disc and can be used to find and repair some common problems. More information about how Startup Repair operates and what it does can be found in our knowledgebase. The following steps will initiate Startup Repair from the Windows setup disc:

Unable to boot into the Windows setup CD?
See our guide on setting up a PC to boot from the CD or DVD for troubleshooting and more detailed instructions.

  1. Insert your Windows installation DVD into your PC’s CD-ROM drive,
  2. Fully power down your PC, and make sure it has fully shut off,
  3. Power up your PC,
  4. Press any key when you see “Press any key to boot from CD or DVD..”
  5. Click the link titled “Repair your computer” in the bottom-lefthand corner, after first selecting your language and keyboard options.
    Windows 7 setup Install Now dialog, with repair your computer link
  6. Wait for Startup Repair to scan your PC for Windows installations, then select your install from the list it shows:
    Startup repair lists available operating systems to repair.
  7. Choose “Startup Repair” from the list of available recovery options to begin:
    Startup Repair lists all available recovery options, choose a recovery tool
  8. Startup Repair will begin scanning your installation for known issues and will attempt a repair, if possible.
    Windows Startup Repair is searching for problems

Here is an example of what the PC’s startup repair should look like once the BCD file is properly restored:

Missing BCD file restored by Startup Repair

Empty BCD file restored by Startup Repair

Fix #3: Rebuild the BCD manually

Since the boot error is often caused by an empty BCD file, rebuilding it is often a good solution.

Here are the steps to rebuild the BCD:

  1. Boot from the Windows install disc
  2. Click on Repair your computer after selecting proper language, time and keyboard input.
  3. Select the Windows installation drive, which is usually C: , and click Next
  4. Choose Command Prompt when the System Recovery Options box appears
  5. Write the following command and press Enter afterwards:
  6. If the program finds a Windows installation and asks whether it should add it to the boot list, press Y

Here is an example screenshot of what the PC’s console output should look like once Bootrec is done rebuilding the BCD.

Bootrec utility results screen

Bootrec utility results screen

Fix #4: Run sfc utility

On Windows Vista and Windows 7, it is possible to use the built-in Windows SFC(system file checker) tool to automatically scan a computer’s system files and repair them if necessary.

Here are the steps to run SFC:

  1. Boot from your Windows install disc
  2. Click on Repair your computer after selecting proper language, time and keyboard input.
  3. Select the Windows installation drive, which is usually C: , and click Next
  4. Choose Command Prompt when the System Recovery Options box appears
  5. Write the following command and press Enter afterwards:

Here is an example of what the PC’s console output should look like once the sfc.exe scan is complete and missing files are successfully restored:

System files restored by the SFC utility

System files restored by the SFC utility

Fix #5: Check your disk with CHKDSK utility

If the hard drive has its file integrity compromised, it is possible to use built-in Windows CHKDSK utility to scan the disk and fix the file system errors.

Here are the steps to run CHKDSK:

  1. Boot from your Windows install disc
  2. Click on Repair your computer after selecting proper language, time and keyboard input.
  3. Select the Windows installation drive, which is usually C: , and click Next
  4. Choose Command Prompt when the System Recovery Options box appears
  5. Write the following command and press Enter afterwards:

Here is an example of what the PC’s console output should look like once the chkdsk.exe is complete:

Chkdsk utility results screen

Chkdsk utility results screen

Fix Boot Error 0xC0000098 (Windows Boot Configuration Data file does not contain a valid OS entry)

Boot Boot Error 0xC0000098 (Windows Boot Configuration Data file does not contain a valid OS entry) is caused by incomplete or corrupt configuration in the BCD registry hive.

Learn how to fix error 0xC0000098 (status 0xC0000098) by recreating BCD from scratch, using Emergency Boot Kit.

  • 1. Symptoms of the problem
  • 2. Normal boot sequence
  • 3. Defect in the boot sequence which leads to ‘status 0xC0000098’ boot error
  • 4. How to fix status 0xC0000098

1. Symptoms of the problem

When computer is powered up, an error message «Status: 0xc0000098
Info: The Windows Boot Configuration Data file does not contain a valid OS entry» appears:

2. Normal boot sequence

The rest of this article refers to Windows 7, but all information below applies to Windows 10 as well.

Normally Windows 7 boots as shown below:

  1. BIOS loads 1st sector from HDD (Master Boot Record), verifies 55 AA signature and transfers control to Master Boot Record.
  2. Master Boot Record scans partition table for active partition, then it loads 1st sector from active partition, verifies 55 AA signature, and transfers control to Boot Sector.
  3. Boot Sector loads 15 additional sectors from the beginning of disk (Volume Boot Record) and transfers control to first additional sector of VBR.
  4. Volume Boot Record loads BOOTMGR file from root directory of boot partition into the memory and transfers control to it.
  5. BOOTMGR loads BootBCD registry hive and displays boot menu. BOOTMGR is able to run memory test and set safe mode boot flag per explicit user request. But normally, it loads winload.exe when computer boots normally (cold startup) or winresume.exe (when computer resumes from hibernation).
  6. Winload.exe opens SYSTEM registry hive, gets list of drivers, loads NTOSKRNL.exe, loads drivers (*.SYS files) and transfers control to NTOSKRNL.exe.
  7. Winresume.exe loads memory dump from hiberfil.sys and transfers control to it.

3. Defect in the boot sequence which leads to ‘status 0xC0000098’ boot error

Defect in the boot sequence which is a reason for ‘status 0xC0000098’ error is shown below:

  1. BIOS loads 1st sector from HDD (Master Boot Record), verifies 55 AA signature and transfers control to Master Boot Record.
  2. Master Boot Record scans partition table for active partition. There is one active partition, so Master Boot Record loads 1st sector from active partition (Boot Sector), and transfers control to it.
  3. Boot Sector loads 15 additional sectors from the beginning of disk (Volume Boot Record) and transfers control to first additional sector of VBR.
  4. Volume Boot Record loads BOOTMGR file from root directory of boot partition into the memory and transfers control to it.
  5. BOOTMGR tries to load BootBCD registry hive, but BCD is corrupt or misconfigured.
  6. The rest of usual boot events do not happen.

4. How to fix status 0xC0000098

1) Download Emergency Boot Kit and deploy it to USB thumbdrive according to the instructions, then set up your BIOS to boot from USB thumbdrive. You need full version of Emergency Boot Kit to actually write changes to the disk, but it’s recommended to try demo version to make sure there are no hardware incompatibilities.

2) Boot into Emergency Boot Kit:

3) Run File Manager from the main menu:

4) Press Alt+F1 and choose your boot partition from the menu. In Windows 7 and Windows 8 boot partition has size about 100MB in size and «System Reserved» volume label. In Windows Vista separate boot partition does not exist, computer boots from system disk where Windows OS files are installed (use UP and DOWN arrow keys and ENTER to navigate the menu):

5) Now you need to enter either Boot folder (on BIOS-based computers) or EFIMicrosoftBoot (on UEFI-based computers). Only one of these folders exists on any particular computer, so choose whatever exists.
Press TAB to switch input focus to the left panel, then navigate folders using arrow keys UP and DOWN and ENTER. (This example shows entering Boot folder.)

6) List of files should appear on the left panel. BCD file should be in the list, BCD.LOG , BCD.LOG1 and BCD.LOG2 may also appear in the list. Navigate to those files using arrow keys, then select them INSERT key:

7) After selection:

8) Press F6. File rename dialog will pop up:

9) Type BCD_OLD.* on keyboard and press ENTER:

10) Make sure BCD files were renamed successfully to BCD_OLD files, then press F10 and ENTER keys to exit the Emergency Boot Kit File Manager:

11) Choose Mount & Boot Center in the main menu:

13) Enable checkbox (checkboxes) on the intersection of the bootloader and operating system (operating systems) it should load:

14) Mount & Boot Center should look like below. Press OK to commit changes (BCD registry hive and corresponding log will be created from scratch at this point):

15) «Status 0xC0000098» boot problem should be fixed now. Choose ‘Reboot’ in the main menu of Emergency Boot Kit:

Please note: Because BCD (Boot Configuration Data) was recreated from scratch, you may need to adjust boot timeout, menu order etc from within Windows when it boots successfully.

Причины и следствия ошибки

Свидетельством того, что ОС не запускается, является синий экран при установке, который сопровождается уведомлением «Your PC needs to be repair», а в подпункте «Error code» высвечивается код 0x0000098. Если не устранить ошибку, подобное сообщение будет появляться на экране всякий раз при запуске, и пользоваться компьютером не получится.

Причиной возникновения проблемы является отсутствие файла BCD. Аналогичная информация также приводится на дисплее. Соответственно, для устранения ошибки понадобится восстановить файл любыми доступными способами.

Ошибка 0xc0000098 при установке Windows 10

Сообщение об ошибке может появиться при установке Windows 10 на этапе копирования файлов. Обычно на экране есть указание, какого именно компонента не хватает. Среди распространённых вариантов — pci.sys, winload.exe, ntoskrnl.exe и т.д. Не хватать может любого файла, даже самой маленькой библиотеки. Но если она нужна для установки системы, то мастер инсталляции выдаст сообщение об ошибке.

Единственный способ устранить этот сбой — перезаписать установочный диск. Microsoft рекомендует использовать для создания загрузочного носителя утилиту Media Creation Tool. Это самый простой и безопасный способ получить работоспособный установочный диск со всеми необходимыми файлами для инсталляции Windows 10.

  1. Подключаем флешку к компьютеру. Она должна быть не менее 8 Гб, иначе дистрибутив Windows 10 не запишется.
  2. Скачиваем и запускаем утилиту Media Creation Tool.
  3. Принимаем условия лицензионного соглашения.
  4. В окне «Что вы хотите сделать?» выбираем пункт «Создать установочный носитель».

Создать установочный носитель Media Creation Tool

Создание установочного носителя в Media Creation Tool

Запись Windows 10 на USB

Объём накопителя должен быть не менее 8 Гб

Создание установочного носителя WIndows 10

Мастер записи самостоятельно выполнит все необходимые операции

Теперь у нас есть правильно записанный установочный диск Windows 10, на который перенесены все необходимые файлы для успешной инсталляции системы. Ошибка 0xc0000098 больше не должна появляться при установке «десятки».

Заключение

Выше мы рассмотрели, что вызывает сообщение «Ошибка при запуске приложения» с кодом 0xc0000022, и какими способами можно её исправить. Частой причиной дисфункции выступает отсутствие компонентов DirectPlay в функционале модерных версий ОС Виндовс. Установите ДиректПлей как указано нами выше, и проблема перестанет вам досаждать. Если же она продолжает появляться, попробуйте установить аналогичную программу от другого репакера, в которой подобных проблем не наблюдается.

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